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What Are Bison Fed? - August 2003

The Recommended Code of Practice for the Care and Handling of Farm Animals-Bison is a document that outlines the recommendations on how to raise bison. It can be found at:
Question: Dear Gerald: I would like to know what bison are fed. Primarily I am interested in how organic bison meat is, and I need to know if ranched bison are regularly fed a… https://www.bisoncentre.com/resources/resource-library/advanced-bison-information-producers/nutrition-feeding-your-bison/what-are-bison-fed-august-2003/

Grain Overload

Many people believe that bison are not susceptible to grain overload (carbohydrate engorgement) and do not take precautions when introducing their bison to grain. Bison are not as susceptible as other farm species but they will eat too much grain if give…
Gerald Hauer, DVM Bison Production Specialist Alberta Agriculture, Food and Rural Development Bison Centre of Excellence, Leduc, Alberta. Phone: (780) 986-4100 Reprinted form The… https://www.bisoncentre.com/resources/resource-library/advanced-bison-information-producers/nutrition-feeding-your-bison/grain-overload/

Selenium

Selenium is a mineral that is required by the body in small amounts in order to function properly. Many areas of North America have soils that are deficient in the mineral and therefore livestock raised in these areas are prone to deficiency as well. Un…
Gerald Hauer, DVM Bison Production Specialist Alberta Agriculture, Food and Rural Development Bison Centre of Excellence, Leduc, Alberta. Phone: (780) 986-4100 Reprinted from The… https://www.bisoncentre.com/resources/resource-library/advanced-bison-information-producers/nutrition-feeding-your-bison/selenium/

The Care and Feeding of Bison

The authors of this article surveyed bison producers who sold bison to the North American Bison Co-op to determine the common feeding practices of bison farmers. They also asked the farmers what were their greatest concerns for the bison industry. The inf…
By Vern L. Anderson, Carrington Research Extension Center, North Dakota State University and Dennis Sexhus, North American Bison Cooperative Reprinted from Bison World, volume … https://www.bisoncentre.com/resources/resource-library/advanced-bison-information-producers/nutrition-feeding-your-bison/care-and-feeding-bison/

Finishing Rations for Bison - May 2003

Yes, there is some information on bison finishing rations on our website in our Resource Library. Go to www.bisoncentre.com. Go to the Resource library and select Production Information for the Established Producer. There is a section about feeding bison…
Question: Dear Gerald: Is there any literature on the  makeup of various finishing rations, the amount per day fed, and how they  performed? Also are there any articles on fin… https://www.bisoncentre.com/resources/resource-library/advanced-bison-information-producers/nutrition-feeding-your-bison/finishing-rations-bison-may-2003/

Copper Deficiency

Copper is a mineral that is important for the proper function of many tissues in the body. Deficiency of this mineral can lead to a variety of disease conditions. Deficiencies can be caused by lack of the mineral in the feed or by excesses of other mine…
Gerald Hauer, DVM Bison Production Specialist Alberta Agriculture, Food and Rural Development Bison Centre of Excellence, Leduc, Alberta. Phone: (780) 986-4100 Reprinted from T… https://www.bisoncentre.com/resources/resource-library/advanced-bison-information-producers/nutrition-feeding-your-bison/copper-deficiency/

Cut out the fat

Feeding bison heifers to grade A1 or A2 requires a different approach than feeding bison bulls to similar grades. Carcasses from bison heifers often have excess fat and are prone to being downgraded to A3 and A4 grades. This article is based on a presenta…
May 2013 Written by: Dr. Jayson Galbraith, Bison/Elk Specialist, Livestock and Farm Business Branch, Alberta Agriculture and Rural Development Feeding bison heifers to grade A… https://www.bisoncentre.com/resources/resource-library/advanced-bison-information-producers/nutrition-feeding-your-bison/cut-out-fat-its-even/

Growing and Finishing Bison: Principles and Practices

This presentation was originally given at the International Bison Conference 2000 in Edmonton, Alberta. Murray discusses the theory of feeding bison for growth and for finishing. He also explains how to calculate break even prices for finished bison and f…
Murray Feist Saskatchewan Agriculture and Food Reprinted from Smoke Signals, volumeXI, number 6, December, 2000, pages 4-9 Summary This presentation was originally given at… https://www.bisoncentre.com/resources/resource-library/advanced-bison-information-producers/nutrition-feeding-your-bison/growing-and-finishing-bison-principles-and-practices/

Feeding Orphans

Every year a few newborn calves need to be bottle raised. Here are a few tips on how this can be successful on your farm.
Gerald Hauer Bison Production Specialist Bison Centre of Excellence, Leduc, Alberta Agriculutre Reprinted from The Tracker, volume 4, Issue 5, June 2000 Summary Every year … https://www.bisoncentre.com/resources/resource-library/advanced-bison-information-producers/nutrition-feeding-your-bison/feeding-orphans/

Elimination by Gamma Irradiation of Salmonella spp. and Strains of Staphylococcus aureus Inoculated in Bison, Ostrich, Alligator, and Caiman Meat

There is an expanding industry for the marketing of high- value meats from animals other than the typical domesticated species, including, but not limited to, bison, ostrich, alligator, and caiman.
Donald W. Thayer,* Glenn Boyd, Jay B. Fox, Jr., And Leon Lakritz United States Department of Agriculture. Agricultural Research Service, Eastern Regional Research Center; 600 E… https://www.bisoncentre.com/resources/resource-library/advanced-bison-information-producers/bison-meat-information/elimination-gamma-irradiation-salmonella-spp-and-strains-staphylococcus-aureus-inoculated-bison-ostrich-alligator-and-caiman-mea/

Nutrient Content of Bison Meat from Grass- and Grain-Finished Bulls

The nutrient content of grain and grass-finished bison are compared in this study. Macronutrient, mineral, and vitamin content of both types of bison meat are summarized. There are minimal differences in the nutrient content of grain and grass-finished bi…
By M. J. Marchello Animal and Range Sciences Department North Dakota State University Fargo, ND and J. A. Driskell Nutritional Science and Dietetics University of Nebraska Lincoln… https://www.bisoncentre.com/resources/resource-library/advanced-bison-information-producers/bison-meat-information/nutrient-content-bison-meat-grass-and-grain-finished-bulls/

Use of Marination by Injection to Improve the Palatability of Bison Top Round

In Canada, the demand for bison meat is increasing faster than its rate of production. With regard to bison meat, the main concern is inconsistency, in terms of both the quantity and quality available in the market. There is a general perception that biso…
J.S. Dhanda, R.B. Pegg and P.J. Shand Saskatchewan Specialty Livestock Value-Added Program Department of Applied Microbiology and Food Science University of Saskatchewan 51 Campus… https://www.bisoncentre.com/resources/resource-library/advanced-bison-information-producers/bison-meat-information/use-marination-injection-improve-palatability-bison-top-round/

Management, gain and productivity of Peace Country bison (Bison bison)

With the increase in bison ranching came an identified need for research to improve productivity and management of commercial bison herds. Previous research, obtained from free-ranging and park herds (McHugh 1958; Meagher 1978; Reynolds et al. 1982; Hawle…
B. D. Rutley, C. M. Jahn, and R. J. Hudson Canadian Journal of Animal Science 77: 347 - 353 Abstract With the increase in bison ranching came an identified need for researc… https://www.bisoncentre.com/resources/resource-library/advanced-bison-information-producers/performance-domestic-bison/management-gain-and-productivity-peace-country-bison-bison-bison/

Performance of American bison (Bison bison) in Feedlots

The performance of bison finished on grain and forage was evaluated in summer and winter. In the first experiment, 58 bison bulls were finished for slaughter (90 day period beginning in late October 1993 and 1994). Half of the bulls fed with a feed-weigh …
J. S. Church, R. J. Hudson and B. D. Rutley Journal of Animal and Feed Sciences, 8, 1999, 513- 523 Abstract The performance of bison finished on grain and forage was evalua… https://www.bisoncentre.com/resources/resource-library/advanced-bison-information-producers/performance-domestic-bison/performance-american-bison-bison-bison-feedlots/

Effect of Time of Year on Average Daily Gain of Feedlot Finished Bison (Bison bison)

The plains bison has been farmed or ranched since before the turn of the century when the species was rescued from extinction (Roe 1970; Dary 1974). At one time, considerable interest was shown in the bison as a species to hybridize with cattle and Agricu…
Bruce D. Rutley and John S. Church Abstract Seasonal effects on the average daily gain of 275 grain finished bison bulls that entered the Bison Evaluation Unit (REV) at variou… https://www.bisoncentre.com/resources/resource-library/advanced-bison-information-producers/performance-domestic-bison/effect-time-year-average-daily-gain-feedlot-finished-bison-bison-bison/

Practical Lessons In Feeding Bison Bulls For Meat

Bison bulls fed for meat will consume a wide variety of feeds with some subtle differences observed in performance. Bulls gained faster on higher energy content feeds with lower cost per pound of gain even though higher energy feeds were more expensive. T…
Presented at Midwest Section of American Society of Animal Science, Des Moines, IA. March 17, 1999 Journal of Animal Science Vol. 77:45 (Abstract). Vern Anderson, Ph.D. and Bryan … https://www.bisoncentre.com/resources/resource-library/advanced-bison-information-producers/performance-domestic-bison/practical-lessons-feeding-bison-bulls-meat/

Real-Time Ultrasound Evaluation of Carcass Traits

The importance of carcass trait information will increase as value based marketing and quality assurance programs become more widespread. However, many other traits such as reproductive performance, structural soundness, calving ease, growth rate and birt…
by Mike Edgar, Lone Pine Bison Summary The importance of carcass trait information will increase as value based marketing and quality assurance programs become more widespread… https://www.bisoncentre.com/resources/resource-library/advanced-bison-information-producers/performance-domestic-bison/real-time-ultrasound-evaluation-carcass-traits/

Bison: Meating the Beef Challenge

This information was originally presented at the International Bison Conference 2000 in Edmonton. The authors describe some of the post slaughter techniques available to make meat tender. They also provide us with some ideas on how to benefit from expe…
J. L. Aalhus Agriculture & Agri-Food Canada Lacombe Research Centre J. A. M. Janz PhD Candidate Department of Agricultural, Food and Nutritional Science University of Alberta R… https://www.bisoncentre.com/resources/resource-library/advanced-bison-information-producers/bison-meat-information/bison-meating-beef-challenge/

The Canadian Bison Grading System- How it Presently Works

A new system for grading bison meat was developed by the bison industry in the 1990’s. It has been a great help for the bison meat marketers as it allows them to ensure a quality product is sold to their customers. It is based on the beef grading system b…
Don Clarke, Grading Supervisor Canadian Beef Grading Agency Reprinted from Smoke Signals, February 2001 This information was originally presented at the CBA Annual Convention i… https://www.bisoncentre.com/resources/resource-library/advanced-bison-information-producers/bison-meat-information/canadian-bison-grading-system-how-it-presently-works/

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